BHUTAN LANDMARKS

The most distinct and important structure in Bhutan, Dzongs (fortresses) are architectural masterpieces that dotted Bhutan. Each Dzongs are built on a site chosen for religious significance.

Bhutanese dzong architecture reached its zenith in the 17th century after the arrival of the great lama Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. Each of the dzongs site were based on omens and visions. The dzongs were well sited with regard to their function as defensive fortresses. Hilltops or mountain spurs were usually chosen as a site to build dzongs, and if dzongs were built on the side of a valley wall, a smaller dzong or a watchtower is typically built directly uphill from the main dzong whose main purpose would be to keep the slope clear of attackers who might otherwise shoot downward into the courtyard of the main dzong below.

The Dzongs are part of a network that defended the Kingdom against frequent invasions by Tibetans in the 17th century. Dzongs have stone foundations and walls of sand and clay bricks, and wooden beams are skillfully cut to fit most dexterously.

By tradition, dzongs are constructed without the use of architectural plans hence there is no blueprints of any of the dzongs. Instead a high lama who established each dimension by means of spiritual inspiration gave construction directions. Traditional Bhutanese architecture did not use any nails or iron bars. Dzongs serve as the religious, military, administrative and social centres of their districts and are often the site of an annual tsechu or other religious festivals.

Known as “fortress of the glorious religion”, Traschicho Dzong is an impressive structure that houses the Bhutanese government and stand on the right side of the Wangchu (Thimphu) River. The D... Read More »
Trashiyangtse Dzong is one of the oldest Dzong in Bhutan with a history dating back t to the 9th century. It was previously known as Dongdi Dzong. Gonkar Gyal, grandson of lhasey Tshangma, who had ... Read More »
Trashigang Dzong is one of the most strategically placed Dzong in Bhutan. It is situated in the ledge of a mountain with steep cliffs on the three sides overlooking the Dangmechhu River. Hence, the Dzong is only accessible from the North. Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal prophesied the founding of the Trashigang Dzong. He directed Trongsa Penlop, Chhogyal Minjur Tempa, to subdue the local chieftains and build a Dzong in order to spread the Drukpa rule.
The Tronsa Dzong literally means the Dzong on the tip of a Dungkhar (conch, of the never0changing country of Druk and the everlasting Dharma. Trongsa Dzong is situated overlooking the Mangdechhu Ri... Read More »
Zhabdrung Ngawang namgyel was supposedly at Chimi Lhakhang in Punakha when he met a decrepit old man. He described a ridge in the present-day Wangdue Phodrng as a ‘sleeping elephant’ and told Zhabd... Read More »
Lama Zhang Dorje Drakpa who lived in the 12th century founded the Zhemgang dzong. Lama Zhang Dorje Drakpa, a renowned scholar-sage of Drukpa kgyu school of Buddhism, originated from Tibet and trave... Read More »
The Bhutanese equivalent of Count Dracula’s castle, the Dzong is pretty much avoided by the locals today. There is no written history of the Dzong. Oral account believes that a king named Karpo Dun... Read More »
The Luntse Dzong was originally a temple built on the site where Ngagi Wangchuk meditated in 1551. The temple was known as Kurtoe Lhuntse Phodrang. For many years, the Lama resided here and later w... Read More »
Jakar Yugyal Dzong, commonly known as Jakar Dzong, is situated on a ridge above the Jakar village of Chamkhar valley in Bhumtang. There are different accounts of the origin of the Dzong. Some ... Read More »
The Haa Dzong was started in 1895 after the appointment of the first Drungpa. The Dzong was intended to be a center to address the affairs of the people and a defense against Tibetan attack given i... Read More »
Gasa Dzong is the administrative headquarter of Gasa Dzongkhag. The Dzong was named after its protector Trashi Thongmoen. Legend believes that Zhabdrung, who was greeted by a deity of Gasa when he ... Read More »
Located in the Phondey village, Paro, the Dzong is built on the summit of a rocky hill that rises step on three sides. And is accessible only from one side which is defended by 3 prominent towers. ... Read More »
Dogar Dobji Zhong is considered to be the first model Dzong in Bhutan. The name Dogar, which means white border, is a reference to the “Five White Bolders” in the village of Dogar. The Dzong as bui... Read More »
The name Daga Dzong is derived from two sources; Darkala, which comes from the province’s guardian deity Jomo Darkala and Darkanang (The Realm of White Prayer Flags) from Dudjom Jigdrol Yeshey Dorj... Read More »
Taa Dzong (Ta = watch and Dzong = fortress) is located about five and a half kilometers from Tshondu Town and 500 feet from the Ringpung Dzong. It is built under the government of the 2nd Desi, Ngo... Read More »
Strategically built on a projecting ridge with deep gullies, the Simtokha Dzong overlooks and commands the entire Thimphu Valley.   Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel was one of the greatest builder... Read More »
Located in the Phondey Village in Paro, the Dzong is built on the summit of a rocky hill that rises steeply on three sides. The Dzong was built to guard the approach to Paro Valley from Tibet and i... Read More »
Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel was supposedly at Chimi Lhakhang in Punakha when he met a decrepit old man. He described a ridge in the present-day Wangdue Phodrang as a ’sleeping elephant’ and told Zhab... Read More »
The Trongsa Dzong literally means the Dzong on the tip of a Dungkhar (of the never changing country of Druk and the everlasting Dharm). Trongsa Dzong is situated overlooking the Mangdechhu River. ... Read More »
Known as "fortress of the glorious religion", Tashichho Dzong, or popularly known as Thimphu Dzong, is an impressive structure that houses the Bhutanese government and stand on the right side of th... Read More »
Paro Dzong is the administrative seat of the district of Paro. The Paro Dzong was built in 1644 under the order of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. Paro Dzong full name is Rinpung Dzong, which means the ... Read More »

These religious structures and sacred sites are soaked in the myth, legends and history of Bhutan.

History of Eutok Samdup Choeling Goenpa Eutok Samdup Choeling Goenpa was established by Terton Rigzin Jatson Nyingpo in the 15th century and is located in Shaba, Paro Dzongkhag around 3 kms from th... Read More »
Kyichu Lhakhang is a Buddhist temple in Paro. It is one of the oldest monasteries in the country built in the 7th century by the Tibetan King Songsten Gampo. The story goes that a giant demone... Read More »
  During the 8th century, Sendhu Raja, who was the king of Bumthang fell ill, and he invited Guru Rinpoche who brought Buddhism to Bhutan to cure him. Guru Rinpoche found out that the ... Read More »
Jambay Lhakhang is said to be one of the 108 temples built by the Tibetan King Songtsen Goenpo in 659 AD on a single day to pin down an ogress to earth forever. A supine demoness was causing o... Read More »
The Tango Goemba site has had religious significance since the 12th century when it was the home of the Lama who brought the Drukpa Kagyupa school of Buddhism to Bhutan. The monastery was built th... Read More »
Chhime Lhakhang lies on the periphery of the expansive valley of Lobesa where the borders of Thimphu, Punakha and Wangduephodrang districts meets. Perched on top of a little hilltop overlookin... Read More »
Bhutan's splendid temples and other landmarks are well maintained, preserving the country's rich heritage.
Among Thimphu’s many tourist attraction is the BBS Tower, also known by the name Sangaygang. Bhutan Broadcasting Service (BBS)runs the radio and television network of the country and has a telecommu... Read More »
Bhutan is a mountainous country linked with series of passes.  Located at 3810m (13,000ft), between the valley of Paro and Haa is Chele La, the highest road pass in the country.      Popula... Read More »
About 10 minutes’ drive from clock tower, near Wangchhu river and just north of Changlimithang Stadium is Thimphu’s busiest domestic market. Her Royal Highness Ashi Dechen Yangzom Wangchuck inaugura... Read More »
A series of traditional bamboo huts, aligned neatly below Norzin Lam, right opposite theNehru Wangchuk Cultural Centre is the Authentic Bhutanese Crafts Bazaar which showcase a wide range of authent... Read More »
The three storeychorten- shaped temple representing hell, earth and heaven was built in 1421 by the iron-bridge builder ThangtongGyelpo. Also nicknamed The Changzampa, he was a great builder who bui... Read More »
Motithang Takin Preserve, located in the Motithang district of Thimphu, Bhutan is a wildlife reserve area for Takin, the national animal of Bhutan. Originally a mini-zoo, it was converted into a pre... Read More »
The Bhutan Textile Museum or the National Textile Museum is a national textiles museum in Thimphu, Bhutan, located near the National Library of Bhutan. It is operated by the National Commission for ... Read More »
Alongside Bhutan’s internationally applauded concept of Gross National Happiness, the jaw- dropping landscapes, and the plethora of Buddhist sights, the country takes a distinct pride in its cultura... Read More »
Folk Heritage Museum located in Kawajangsa, in the heart of the capital city, Thimphu. It is within the walking distance of the National Library of Bhutan and the National Institute for zorig choesu... Read More »
This massive statue of Shakyamuni was consecrated in September 24th, 2015 dedicating it to the 60th birth anniversary celebration of His Majesty The Fourth Druk Gyalpo, His Holiness the Je Khenpo co... Read More »
Another unique structure is the prominent National Memorial Chorten. This stupa, which is predominantly white with spires of gold, was erected in 1974 in honor of the father of modern Bhutan, the th... Read More »
Geography Taktsang Monastery, famously known as Tiger Nest Monastery, is located in Paro, Bhutan. The monastery is one of the most venerated places of pilgrimage in the Himalayan. The Legend T... Read More »
Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel, the founder of Bhutanese state, built Punakha Dzong in 1637. It was originally named Puntang Dechen Phodrang Dzong, which means the Palace of Great Bliss. Punakha Dong ... Read More »
Standing regally on the hill above the Punakha valley, Khamsum Yulley Namgyal Chorten is a classic example of gorgeous traditions and architecture of Asian country. This chorten, however, is ... Read More »